- Green Growth
- Your Consultant
|Toru Kinoshita, chairman of the Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers' Association|
Currently, the size of the Vietnamese market is quite small compared to other ASEAN members such Thailand, Indonesia, leading to the small scale of production. As a result, production costs are not competitive. In this situation, it is difficult to produce a whole car and export to other countries, mainly because of our cost incompetitiveness. In the future, if the market expands enough and/or the government has supporting policies equivalent to rival nations, Vietnam can have chance and the conditions to produce and export cars.
As for parts, Vietnamese manufacturers are already producing and exporting parts to other countries, but their business is very limited and extend only to labour-intensive parts.
As I previously said, production in Vietnam is smaller in scale than in Thailand or Indonesia. The scale of production greatly affects production costs as production cannot support the increase of localisation for parts production, which is critical to reduce costs. If you invest in the production of new cars, you will need to invest in die or jig production, which is very costly.
For that amount of money, if we produce in small volumes, unit costs will be very high. In Thailand they can produce ten times as many cars with the same investment. This lack of competitiveness strongly affects investment decisions.
If there is support from the government to overcome the difficulties, increasing the production scale, Vietnam can become sufficiently competitive.
We think Vietnam has a bright future ahead. In 10-20 years, economic development will be even faster thanks to the big population and the improved quality of human resources. I do believe that Vietnam will become a huge market and the automobile industry will also grow.
However, to turn potential into results, it is necessary to continue to create a favourable business environment, have consistent and stable policies, and especially to realise the intention behind specific policies and actions.
We regularly recommend consistent policy solutions to achieve the following development goals:
(1) Having long-term policies to maintain the stable development of the market;
(2) Having supporting policies for domestic production to increase cost competiveness, narrow the production cost gap, and treating all domestic producers in a fair and transparent manner – in this sense, we support the idea of applying the 0 per cent tax for CKD parts;
(3) Having practical and feasible policies to support the development of parts suppliers, such as the reducing the cost of die, jigs or introducing tax incentives or human resources development.